Price's Candle Factory
|Size:||153 x 229 mm|
|Signed:||butterfly at lower right (6-8); replaced with new butterfly (9-final)|
|No. of States:||13|
|Catalogues:||K.154; M.151; W.124|
|Impressions taken from this plate (19)|
After Whistler's death impressions were shown in the major Memorial Exhibitions including one at the Grolier Club in New York, another in Boston in 1904, and one from the Royal Collection was lent to the Whistler Memorial show in London in 1905. 15
SALES & COLLECTORS
Although there is little evidence of sales in subsequent years, one impression was trimmed and signed by Whistler in 1881, possibly for Henry Studdy Theobald (1847-1934) (). It was many years before Whistler sold more, but in 1886 he apparently sold two to the London print dealer Thomas M. McLean (b. ca 1832) for £8.8.0 and a year later he filled a bulk order from Messrs Dowdeswell, who bought seven impressions at the same price. 17
16: 22-27 October , GUW #12737;12 October-5 November , #12735; [19/22 October 1877], #12736.
17: [1 November 1886], GUW #13010; 28 April and 27 July 1887, GUW #13020 and #13024.
It is likely that all these impressions were trimmed and signed by Whistler at the time of sale, but the date of signing does not necessarily reflect the date of printing. The etching signed for Theobald, mentioned above, was a late state but was signed in 1881. On the other hand, an impression of the first state, presumably dating from 1877, was signed about 1886, and bought by Samuel Putnam Avery (1822-1904) (). A later state, signed about the same time, went to another New York collector, S. G. Cercha (). Judson S. Dutcher (b. ca 1863) owned an early impression that was signed even later, in the 1890s () and also a much later state, but which had been trimmed and signed earlier, about 1885. Whistler did not sell them all - one, signed about 1886, remained in his collection ().
18: Whistler to Kennedy, [4 July 1892], GUW #09689.
Tracking these prints is not easy, though one first state with a Dowdeswell provenance was later owned by Henry Studdy Theobald (1847-1934), then Clarence Buckingham (1855-1913), and, finally the Art Institute of Chicago (). The slightly later state from the Hutchinson collection bought by Wedmore () eventually came to Colby College, Maine. Yet another was acquired by Howard Mansfield (1849-1938), and later by the Library of Congress ().
19: Sotheby's, 3 March 1892 (lots 203-208).