Salvation Army, Sandwich

Impression: Art Institute of Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago
Number: 319
Date: 1887
Medium: etching and drypoint
Size: 83 x 178 mm
Signed: butterfly at lower right
Inscribed: no
Set/Publication: no
No. of States: 1
Known impressions: 7
Catalogues: K.305; M.300; W.236
Impressions taken from this plate  (7)


Salvation Army, Sandwich was never published.


It was first seen for sale in an exhibition by the print dealers H. Wunderlich & Co. in New York in 1898. An impression - possibly the same one - was exhibited at a show organised by the Caxton Club in Chicago in 1900, lent by Bryan Lathrop (1844-1916) (Graphic with a link to impression #K3050103). 12

In 1903, another impression was displayed by H. Wunderlich & Co., New York, and was later sold to Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919). In the same year an impression was shown at Obach's in London. 13

Following Whistler's death impressions were also displayed at the principal Memorial shows, including the Grolier Club, New York in 1904 and the Whistler Memorial Show in London, 1905. 14

12: Chicago 1900 (cat. no. 206). See REFERENCES : EXHIBITIONS.

13: New York 1903b (cat. no. 185); London Obach 1903 (cat. no. 197).

14: New York 1904a (cat. no. 249); London Mem. 1905 (cat. no. 236).


The price was set by the artist as £6.6.0. Whistler sold one impression on 21 December 1887 and another in February 1888 to the London print dealer Thomas M. McLean (b. ca 1832). 15 Whistler sold impressions on 1 and 10 February 1888 to Messrs Dowdeswell. 16

Finally he sold one on 6 April 1891 to H. Wunderlich & Co., New York. 17 At that time he almost certainly sent Wunderlich's an impression from the cancelled plate so that the print dealer could demonstrate to clients that the edition was complete, and was indeed, very limited, thus appealing to an exclusive clientele and presumably raising prices. 18 This cancelled impression was acquired by Harry Brisbane Dick (1855-1916) and given to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Graphic with a link to impression #K3050201).

An impression was sold at auction from the collection of the late Joshua Hutchinson Hutchinson (ca 1829 - d.1891) at Sotheby's, 3 March 1892 (lot 325) and bought by Edmund F. Deprez (1851-1915) of Deprez & Gutekunst for half Whistler's price - £3.3.0. Hutchinson had owned two impressions. One was later owned by Bernard Buchanan MacGeorge (1845?-1924), and was sold through Wunderlich & Co., New York, to Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919) in 1903 (Graphic with a link to impression #K3050104). Another was acquired by Clarence Buckingham (1855-1913) and was acquired by the Art Institute of Chicago in 1938 (Graphic with a link to impression #K3050102).

15: GUW #13017, #13018.

16: GUW #13026, #13027.

17: GUW #13097.

18: W. Bell to E.G. Kennedy, 8 June 1891, GUW #09674.