Charing Cross Bridge
|Size:||133 x 97 mm|
|Signed:||butterfly at left|
|No. of States:||1|
|Impressions taken from this plate (5)|
'Charing Cross Bridge' (1887/1888, Whistler). 2
'Charing Cross Bridge' (1888, R.B.A.). 3
'Charing Cross Railway Bridge' (1900, Caxton Club). 4
'Charing Cross Railway-Bridge' (1909, Howard Mansfield (1849-1938)). 5
Whistler's original title, 'Charing Cross Bridge', is preferred.
The bridge was known as Hungerford or Charing Cross Bridge. In 1859 the Charing Cross Railway Act authorised the building of a railway to cross the Thames by a bridge at or near the site of Charing Cross Bridge. The new railway bridge was begun in 1860 and opened early in 1864, with provision being made at the side for pedestrian traffic. 7
Whistler painted a delicate, misty watercolour of Hungerford bridge (Blue and Silver: The Thames m0875) in 1882 from the apartment of Edward William Godwin (1833-1886) in Westminster. He also drew a similar view in the lithograph, Charing Cross Railway Bridge c157, in 1896.
6: 'Society of British Artists. ...' News of the World, 11 March 1888 (GUL PC9/70)
7: 'Hungerford or Charing Cross Bridge', Survey of London: volume 23: Lambeth: South Bank and Vauxhall (1951), p. 55; http://www.british-history.ac.uk (accessed 2009).
Charing Cross Railway Bridge c157, 1896, lithograph,
Freer Gallery of Art, Washington DC.