The Square House, Amsterdam
|Medium:||etching and drypoint|
|Size:||231 x 175 mm|
|Signed:||butterfly at upper right|
|No. of States:||7|
|Catalogues:||K.404; M.403; W.261|
|Impressions taken from this plate (16)|
Other impressions were exhibited a few years later by H. Wunderlich & Co. in New York in 1898, then in the exhibition organised by the Caxton Club in Chicago in 1900, lent by Bryan Lathrop (1844-1916) (), and at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1902, lent by Howard Mansfield (1849-1938) (). 10
SALES & COLLECTORS
Whistler occasionally annotated his prints for particular patrons. One impression of the final state is signed with a butterfly and inscribed 'Selected for / Chs. Freer' (). This impression was sold to Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919) on 4 March, and on the same day, another fine impression, this time of the fifth state, was sold to Howard Mansfield (1849-1938), inscribed ''Early State - / Chosen for Howard Mansfield' (). 14 In each case the price was the full £12.12.0. Mansfield's impression was sold through A. A. Hahlo & Co., New York, to Harris G. Whittemore (d. ca 1937) in 1919 and later acquired by the Library of Congress, Washington, DC (). Freer showed his impression to Frank J. Hecker (1846-1927), who immediately offered to buy an impression, which was sent on 16 June. 15
Fine and elaborate etchings such as these gravitated from one important dealer and collection to another, often ending up in major public collections. A beautiful impression of the final state was acquired by the Royal Collection in Britain, and sold in 1906 in quick succession to Thomas Agnew & Sons, London, H. Wunderlich & Co., New York (stock no. 42048), and Obach & Co., being finally bought by Margaret Selkirk Watson Parker (1867-1936), who bequeathed it to the University of Michigan Art Museum ().
13: GUW #13039.
14: GUW #13047, #13065.
15: Freer to Whistler, 28 April 1890, GUW #01501; Whistler to Freer, #13066.
Whistler sold Messrs Dowdeswell a group of the Dutch etchings on 19 May 1890, followed by sales to F. Keppel & Co. on 23 June and Edmund F. Deprez (1851-1915) of Deprez & Gutekunst on 26 June of the following year. 18
Whistler used exhibitions as a means of promoting and selling his work. An obviously successful exhibition was that in Dresden in 1901, where the Kupferstich-Kabinett immediately bought a fine worked impression of The Square House, Amsterdam ().
16: GUW #13002.
17: B. Whistler to Wunderlich, [3 April 1890], GUW #06585; Wunderlich's, 29 May 1890, #13058; [August 1897], #07289; 6 April 1900 #07322; 16 April 1901, #07330.
18: GUW #00916; (No. 7 of 11 sold) #13064; #06806.
Rosalind Birnie Philip (1873-1958) inherited two impressions of the fourth state from Whistler, which she gave to the University of Glasgow. One of these was sold by the University to the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam () and the other was kept by the Hunterian ().
19: GUW #13239.