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Maud, Standing

Impression: Art Institute of Chicago
Art Institute of Chicago
Number: 169
Date: 1876-1878
Medium: etching and drypoint
Size: 228 x 152 mm
Signed: butterfly at right (7-final)
Inscribed: no
Set/Publication: no
No. of States: 16
Known impressions: 13
Catalogues: K.114; M.113; W.99
Impressions taken from this plate  (13)


Sixteen states are known before cancellation.

State 1

Etching: K1140102
There is no signature or inscription.
The figure and her costume are completely drawn and partly shaded; there is foul biting at upper left.

State 2

Etching: K1140202
Shading is added to the woman's face and to the back of her hair; the flounced tippet over her shoulders is removed along with much of the heavy shading on her bodice and sleeves; the outlines of her right arm and torso are changed; the skirt has new sketchy outlines at front and back as well as at the bottom of the train; the vertical lines to right of the woman's hips are worn or reduced, and a few short vertical lines are added above them; a series of short verticals is added to left of the skirt.
The changed tippet on the impression illustrated is drawn in brush and ink; it is not part of the etched work.

State 3

Etching: K1140z03
The short verticals to the left of the skirt and some of the ruffles on the train are removed.
The impression illustrated is heavily worked with ink and wash on the foreground and background as well as on the woman's tippet and gown.

State 4

Etching: K1140401
The woman's right arm is changed and is now held akimbo; the sleeves and bodice of the gown are more heavily shaded; there is new diagonal shading on the front of the skirt; the train has no ruffles, and the lower left of the skirt is changed, with a remnant of the longer length still visible; close vertical shading is added around the woman's head and shoulders, and there is now heavier vertical and diagonal shading in the space to left of the figure along with heavier vertical, diagonal and horizontal shading on the right; foul biting appears at lower left and right as well as among the shading to right of the skirt.

State 5

Etching: K1140502
Puffs are added to the shoulders of both sleeves, more distinctly on the right, and there is additional shading on the bodice and front of the skirt; the folds of the train and outlines of the lower edges of the skirt and train are more clearly delineated.

State 6

Etching: K1140602
Strong right to left diagonal shading (///) is added on the woman's back, hip and below her left hand.

State 7

Etching: K1140701
Signed with a butterfly at right, below centre.
A fur tippet is added over the woman's shoulders, and most shading is removed from the sleeves, bodice and skirt; the front of the skirt and the train are changed -- there are two curving flounces on the lower part of the skirt, and the train is positioned lower and is more sweeping; vertical and diagonal shading is added at left and right of the figure; close vertical shading is added around the hat.

State 8

Etching: K1140z04
The woman's left sleeve and hand are more clearly delineated; the right arm remains poorly defined.

State 9

Etching: K1140z01
Diagonal shading is added to the bodice, and horizontal shading is added to the skirt at left; the flounces on the lower part of the skirt are changed, and the outlines and folds of the train are now clearly defined; there are three parallel slightly diagonal lines on the train, just above the portion that trails on the floor; diagonal shading is added at left, in front of the figure's knee; a patch of horizontal and vertical shading is added at right, next to the train.

State 10

Etching: K1140903
Heavier shading is added along the outlines of the figure, from shoulders to knees; the lower edge of the skirt is more clearly defined at left by heavy shading; there is evidence of burnishing below the hem of the skirt at lower left, where an outline of the skirt or a foot is mostly removed; the three slightly diagonal lines are removed from the lower part of the train.
There is white chalk and white or grey wash on the back of the bodice and on either side of the train on the impression illustrated.

State 11

Etching: K1140901
The profile of the face, which had become indistinct, is redefined; heavier shading is added near the lower edge of the skirt, most notably just to left of the train.

State 12

Etching: K1140z08
Diagonal shading to the left of the figure's profile is reduced or worn between the nose and chin; the patch of heavy shading near the lower edge of the skirt, to the left of the train, is reduced; the toe of a shoe with a curving sole is lightly indicated at the lower left edge of the skirt.

State 13

Etching: K1140z05
New diagonal shading is added along the front of the bodice and the left side of the upper arm; slightly curved diagonals are added along the left side of the skirt, above the knee, and a series of short, fine diagonals is added to the leftmost fold of the skirt, below the knee.

State 14

Etching: K1141103
Heavy dark lines run along the front of the gown from waist to hemline; the fur tippet over the woman's shoulders now extends downward along the front and back of the bodice; her right arm is once again clearly defined and held akimbo, and the right hand is visible; parallel vertical lines behind the figure extend across her right forearm to below her hip; the left hand is removed; some shading is removed from the upper part of the gown, and the lower skirt is changed between the flounce, which is now more prominent, to the hemline; the faint toe of a shoe is removed as is most of the left edge of the earlier train; patches of short diagonal lines are added to the centre of the train and longer diagonals roughly redefine its sides and folds; diagonal lines in front of the figure extend from her hat to her hip; more vertical lines are added to the background at the left and upper right.

State 15

Etching: K1141102
The fur tippet no longer extends downward but remains just over the woman's shoulders; the right arm and hand are almost completely removed; many other lines appear to be reduced in strength.

State 16

Etching: K1141202
Most of the fine shading is removed from the gown, and some of the heavier shading is reduced on the gown and fur tippet; fine close diagonal shading appears around the figure and now extends further to the left and right, including a series of diagonals near the upper right corner; the close shading around the head redefines both the profile and shape of the hat; horizontal and vertical shading are added to the left of the figure; vertical shading is strengthened to the right of the head and shoulders, and close vertical shading is added above and to the left of the butterfly signature; dark areas at the lower left and right corners and along the right side of the image are the result of corrosion on the copper plate.

State 16 (cancelled)

Etching: PS_K114_01
Cancelled with one diagonal line.

No impression from the cancelled plate is known. This is a digital image based on the copper plate. 9

9: A scan of the copper plate was flipped horizontally, converted to greyscale, and colour inverted, with enhanced contrast.