|Medium:||etching and drypoint|
|Size:||231 x 162 mm|
|Signed:||butterfly at upper left (6-final)|
|No. of States:||8|
|Catalogues:||K.407; M.406; W.264|
|Impressions taken from this plate (33)|
'The Pierrot' (1890, Whistler). 1
'Pierrot' (1890, Whistler). 2
'The Pierrot Amsterdam' (1890, Whistler). 3
'Le pierrot – Amsterdam' (1890, Brussels). 4
'Pierrot The' (1890/1891, Whistler). 5
'Pierrot' (1899, Frederick Wedmore (1844-1921)). 6
The original title was 'The Pierrot' and although it became known for some time as 'The Pierrot, Amsterdam' the original title is preferred.
7: Metropolitan Museum, New York, h2-1998-57.
8: http://gallica.bnf.fr (accessed 2012.07.17); I am deeply grateful to M. Hopkinson for this reference.
r.: Fumette; v.: Dancing clowns m0289, pencil,
Freer Gallery of Art.
These clowns were copied from a lithograph by Paul Gavarni (1804-1866), 'Nos femm' sont cou-cou' from Impressions de Ménage, 1847. 9
9: Impressions de Ménage, 2nd series, no. 24, 1847.
The character was also appropriated by Symbolist poets, and Whistler, having recently met Stéphane Mallarmé (1842-1898), and being associated both with the French and Belgian Symbolists, may have been responding to their obsession with Pierrot as a tragic, enigmatic figure, distant from reality.
10: The Gentle Art of making etchings, on-line exhibition at http:// etchings.arts.gla.ac.uk
11: Heijbroek 1997[more], pp. 70-71.
12: Mansfield 1909[more] (cat. no. 406).