Impression: Hunterian Art Gallery
Hunterian Art Gallery
Number: 222
Date: 1879/1880
Medium: etching and drypoint
Size: 202 x 294 mm
Signed: no
Inscribed: no
Set/Publication: 'First Venice Set', 1880
No. of States: 9
Known impressions: 59
Catalogues: K.184; M.181; W.150
Impressions taken from this plate  (59)


  • Kennedy, Edward G., The Etched Work of Whistler, New York, 1910 (cat. no. 184) 'Nocturne'.
  • Mansfield, Howard, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Etchings and Dry-Points of James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Chicago, 1909 (cat. no. 181) 'Nocturne'.
  • Wedmore, Sir Frederick, Whistler's Etchings: a Study and a Catalogue, London, 1886 (cat. no. 150) 'Nocturne'.


  • Etchings of Venice, The Fine Art Society, London, 1880 (cat. no. 4) 'Nocturne'.
  • Etchings and Dry Points, The Union League Club, New York, 1881 (cat. nos. 156-67 'Views in Venice').
  • [Exhibition], Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1881.
  • Ausstellung der Maler-Radierungen französischer und englischer Künstler der Neuzeit, Nationalgalerie, Berlin, 1881 (cat. no. 715) 'Nocturne'.
  • Mr Whistler's Etchings, The Fine Art Society, London, 1883 (cat. no. 8) 'Nocturne Riva'.
  • 50 Etchings and Drypoints (Venice Second Series), H. Wunderlich and Co., New York, 1883 (cat. no. 8) 'Nocturne Riva'.
  • [Exhibition of the First Venice Set], The Fine Art Society, London, 1892.
  • World's Columbian Exposition, Department of Fine Arts, Chicago, 1893 (cat. no. 2239) 'Nocturne, The Riva'.
  • Exhibition of Etchings, Drypoints. and Lithographs by Whistler, H. Wunderlich and Co., New York, 1898 (cat. no. 129) 'Nocturne'.
  • An Exhibition of Etchings and Lithographs of James McNeill Whistler, The Caxton Club, 1900 (cat. no. 131) 'Nocturne'.
  • International Exhibition, Glasgow Art Galleries, Glasgow, 1901 (cat. no. 234) 'The Nocturne'.
  • Art and Industrial Exhibition, Wolverhampton, 1902 (cat. no. 131) 'Nocturne'.
  • 71st Annual Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1902 (cat. no. 947 (150)) 'Nocturne'.
  • Exhibition of Etchings by James McNeill Whistler, Obach and Co., London, 1903 (cat. no. 124) 'Nocturne'.
  • A Collection of Etchings and Dry Points by Whistler recently acquired, H. Wunderlich and Co., New York, 1903 (cat. no. 113).
  • Oil Paintings, Water Colors, Pastels and Drawings: Memorial Exhibition of the Works of Mr. J. McNeill Whistler, Copley Society, Copley Hall, Boston, February 1904 (cat. no. 117) 'Nocturne'.
  • Etchings and Dry-Points by James McNeill Whistler, The Grolier Club, New York, 1904 (cat. no. 151) 'Nocturne'.
  • Oeuvres de James McNeill Whistler, Palais de l'École des Beaux-Art, Paris, 1905 (cat. no. 352) 'Nocturne. Venice'.
  • Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the late James McNeill Whistler, First President of The International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, New Gallery, Regent Street, London, 1905 (cat. no. 150) 'Nocturne'.

REVIEWS 1855- 1905

  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Venice Etchings', Daily News, London, 2 December 1880 (GUL PC4/15, 15/11).
  • Hamerton, P.G., World, London, 8 December 1880.
  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Venice', St James' Gazette, London, 9 December 1880.
  • Anon., 'Mr. Whistler's etchings ...', British Architect, XIV, 10 December 1880 (GUL PC4/19, PC6/18).
  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Etchings', Daily News, 20 February 1883 (GUL PC25/20).
  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Etchings', Building News, 23 February 1883 (GUL PC6/42).
  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Exhibition', Saturday Review, 24 February 1883 (GUL PC 25/32).
  • 'H.W.S.' [Sweny], Venice and Whistler', People, 25 February 1883 (GUL PC6/44).
  • Anon., 'Whistler's Queer Conceits. A Novel Arrangement in White and yellow', New York World, 11 October 1883 (GUL PC3/59 and GUL PC4/12).

GENERAL 1855-1905

  • Whistler, James McNeill, Caviare to the Critics, London, 1883 (cat. no. 8).
  • Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, London, 1890, p. 95.


  • Ann Arbor 1996: Prosaic Views, Poetic Vision, University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, 1996 (cat. no. 39).
  • Bell, Lynne, Fact and Fiction: James McNeill Whistler's Critical Reputation in England, 1880-1892, Norwich, University of East Anglia, 1987.
  • Denker, Eric, Whistler and His Circle in Venice, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 2003.
  • Getscher, Robert Harold, Whistler and Venice, Ph.D. dissertation, Case Western University, Cleveland, 1970.
  • Grieve, Alastair, Whistler's Venice, New Haven and London, 2000, pp. 157-58, 189-90, 192, fig.197.
  • Lochnan, Katharine A., The Etchings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1984, pp. 194-199, 281 (no. 197).
  • London 1994: James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London; Musée d'Orsay, Paris; and National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994-1995 (cat. no. 122).
  • Los Angeles 1984: Drawing Near. Whistler Etchings from the Zelman Collection, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1984 (cat. no. 59).
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler. Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995 (cat. no. 836).
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Palaces in the Night: Whistler in Venice, Aldershot and California, 2001, pp. 69, 71, 77-9, 82, 84, 88, 92, 94, 128, pl. 94, 95.
  • McBey, James , 'Etchings: The Quick and the Dead', paper read to Scottish Print Club, Glasgow, 9 November, revised), The Bookman's Journal, IX, no. 27, December 1923, pp. 92-100.