Under the Statue, Luxembourg Gardens
|Size:||162 x 124 mm|
|Signed:||butterfly at upper left|
|No. of States:||1|
|Catalogues:||K.-; M.-; T.-; W.-|
|Impressions taken from this plate (1)|
'Under the Statue, Luxembourg Gardens' (1903/1935, possibly Rosalind Birnie Philip (1873-1958)). 2
The title may have had Whistler's approval because Miss Birnie Philip sorted his copper plates at his request in 1901. 3 However, it might have been written later, when the plates were sorted after Whistler's death in 1903, or when they were given to the University of Glasgow in 1935.
The subject and title are similar to two lithographs, Conversation under the Statue, Luxembourg Gardens c069 and The Statue, Luxembourg Gardens c095, and a drawing, Statue in Luxembourg Gardens m1400.
2: Envelope containing copper plate, Hunterian Art Gallery.
3: Whistler to R.B. Philip, 27 January , GUW #04787.
The statues represented by Whistler include a bowl supported by putti (cherubs), and the statue of Marie de Medici (for whom the Palais du Luxembourg was built). 4
Whistler made several more etchings of the gardens, The Band, Luxembourg Gardens 466, and Polichinelle, Jardin du Luxembourg 467.
4: Charles Zito and Claude Mary, Le Guide du jardin du Luxembourg, Lyons, 1994, pp. 42-3, 48-52 , 59-63. See also Sénat official website at http://www.senat.fr/ visite/ jardin/statues.html (accessed 2011).
The September average temperature in Paris in 1893 was 14.8 degrees, and in October, 10.9 degrees, but November was colder (a low of 4.10 degrees, with a maximum of 15.7 degrees). 6
5: Whistler to T. R. Way, [15 November 1893], GUW #03348.
6: Weather websites: www.wetterzentrale.de/ klima/tparisl.html and www.lameteo.org/ PARIStxx.html (acc. 2011).
7: Whistler to T. R. Way, [19 July 1894], GUW #03376.
His wife, Beatrice was deeply interested in gardens, designing trellises for their garden and gaining ideas from Paris gardens. 8 They both delighted in the formal gardens of the Luxembourg. In October 1895, Whistler wrote from Paris to his wife, about a book they had bought:
8: B. Whistler, Designs for a trellis for 86 rue Notre Dame des Champs, Paris, 1892/1894, watercolour, Hunterian Art Gallery, GLAHA 46574.