Battersea Dawn (Cadogan Pier)
|Medium:||etching and drypoint|
|Size:||115 x 153 mm|
|Signed:||'Whistler.' at lower left|
|Set/Publication:||'Thames Set', 1871|
|No. of States:||2|
|Catalogues:||K.75; M.75; T.64; W.79|
|Impressions taken from this plate (61)|
Impressions were shown in clubs for connoisseurs and collectors like the Union League Club in New York in 1881, to which an impression described as a 'Very delicate etching', was lent by Samuel Putnam Avery (1822-1904) (). 15 An impression was shown at the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. 16
It was also included in print dealer's exhibitions such as those of Craibe Angus in Glasgow in 1879, and both Frederick Keppel (1845-1912) of F. Keppel & Co. (in 1902) and H. Wunderlich & Co. (1898, 1903) in New York. Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919) bought one from Wunderlich's in 1898 (). 17
Bryan Lathrop (1844-1916) lent one impression to the exhibition organised by the Caxton Club in Chicago in 1900 () and Freer lent another (either , or ). 18
Finally, after Whistler's death, an impression was shown at the comprehensive Memorial Exhibition at the Grolier Club, New York in 1904. An impression was also lent by Francis Bullard (1862-1913) to the Whistler Memorial show in Boston in 1904 (), and another came from the Royal Collection to the Memorial Exhibition in London in 1905. 19
SALES & COLLECTORS
20: GUW #04335.
21: 'Mr Whistler's Paintings', Baltimore Gazette, after 1 April 1876, in GUL PC1/75; partially quoting E.D. Wallace, 'The Fine Arts Abroad', Forney's Weekly Press, Philadelphia, 1 April 1876.
22: 1 April 1876, GUW #09550.
At auction, it was more usually sold as part of the 'Thames Set'. A set was sold in 1877 to 'Smith' for £14.0.0. 23 At Christie’s, sets were sold in 1878 for £18.18.0 to the Fine Art Society, in 1881 to 'Taylor, R.' for £11.11.0 and in 1897 to 'Parsons' for £29.0.0. 24
Occasionally single impressions went to auction, fetching low prices. A single impression sold at auction in 1877 to the London print dealer W. Hogarth for £0.11.0. In March 1892 at the sale of the collection of the late Joshua Hutchinson Hutchinson (ca 1829 - d.1891), an impression was bought by Harrington - probably Henry Nazeby Harrington (1862-1937) - for £1.1.0, and at the sale of the collection of William Richard Drake (1817-1890) an impression on 'Japanese paper' was bought by Edmund F. Deprez (1851-1915) of Deprez & Gutekunst for £2.0.0. 25
Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919), with his usual thoroughness, bought an impression of the second state from Frederick Keppel (1845-1912) of F. Keppel & Co., New York, in 1894 (), a cancelled impression (as well as the cancelled copper plate) from the same dealer in 1896 () and a first state from the collection of Francis Seymour Haden, Sr (1818-1910) through H. Wunderlich & Co., also of New York, in 1898 ().
23: Sotheby’s, 31 May 1877 (lot 5391).
24: Christie’s, 30 March 1878 (lot 495); 8 March 1881 (lot 456); 13-14 July 1897 (lot 315).
25: Sotheby’s, 12 June 1877 (lot 98) and 3 March 1892 (lot 128); Christie’s, 8-9 March 1892 (lot 311).