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La Mère Gérard

Freer Gallery of Art
Accession no: 1898.223
State: 4/4

Collection credit:Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution  
Image credit:Photo © Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution  
Provenance:Probably acquired from Whistler by Francis Seymour Haden (1818-1910), London; bought from Hermann Wunderlich & Co., New York (receipt, 9 November 1898), by Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919), Detroit, MI, 1898; bequeathed to the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1919.  


Paper size:192 x 131 mm  
Plate mark size:127 x 89 mm  
Paper trimmed to pmk?:no  
Colour of the paper:cream  
Paper type (wove, laid, Japan etc):laid  
Note on the paper:'modern' laid (post 1800); much debris - even distribution, horizontal chain lines  
Ink colour:dark brown  
Additional work on the print, e.g. in pencil:no  
Print tone:very faint overall plate tone on background and pavement; dark area of tone to right of shadow at center right appears to have been etched into plate (open bite or sulphur tint?) as it is visible in the state IV impression illustrated in Kennedy  
Note on foul biting:minor, scattered and heavier around printer's address (with evidence of scaping/burnishing). The re-bitten area round the inscription shows some foul-biting.  
Print note:A dark impression with soft, smudgy darker area to right of the woman, over the cross-hatching. There are areas of vertical soft lines to left and right of the figure, possibly produced by preliminary polishing and burnishing of the plate.  


Whistler's sign on plate:'Whistler -'  
Inscriptions by Whistler on the plate:no  
Inscriptions by others on the plate:'Imp. Delatre. Rue St. [superscript 't'] Jacques. 171.' ('J' reversed)  
Whistler's signature on paper:no  
Inscriptions by Whistler on the paper:no  
Tab signed/inscribed:no  
Note on the tab:  


Printer's signature (e.g. Goulding):no  
Notes on inscriptions:M. Smith records previous existence of inscription "S.H." in graphite on etching's margin. It was erased 1924.03.29.  
Collector's mark:no  
Dealers' stock nos:no  
Misc inscriptions by others:'W9 with printers address' on verso by C. L. Freer.  


Source of information:Whistler Etchings Project and museum records  

All inscriptions are in graphite pencil unless otherwise stated.